Tuesday, January 7, 2020

Changing Methods Of Explanation Within The Scientific...

Changing Methods of Explanation In the scientific community, there are numerous models used to explain data, which despite being argued over, can be used to spread knowledge. One model proposed by Hempel is the â€Å"Covering Law Model,† which can be explained when he writes: â€Å"The kind of explanation thus characterized I will call deductive nomological explanation; for it amounts to a deductive subsumption of the explanandum under principles which have the character of general laws† (Hempel, 658). Essentially, the D-N model explains scientific explanation as deductive, requiring the truth of its premises to ensure the truth of the conclusion, which also must be backed up by an accurate prediction of whichever phenomenon is being explained. However, there are problems with this model, as explained by Kim when he writes: â€Å"In a nutshell, then, the trouble is that we have had models, but not theories, of explanation† (Kim, 53). Hempel’s critics want to include metaphysics under explanation, which would essentially mean putting more emphasis on causal factors to make sense of the world, rather than using readily explainable phenomenon like gravitational pull. Though they have their disagreements with each other, I believe that both methods have merit, and adding causal realism to the Covering Law Model is currently the best solution to explaining scientific concepts. Hempel reinforces his Covering Law Model with ideas from other scientists to demonstrate its usefulness. ForShow MoreRelatedHow Has Nuclear Medicine Propagated Science And Society?922 Words   |  4 PagesHow has nuclear medicine innovated science and society? Within the last century, science faced several discoveries that caused the scientific community and society to change one another. When evaluating the scientific discoveries during the twentieth century, the decisive advancements took place in the study of nuclear physics. 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